Netpage

Netpage is a software system and infrastructure which makes printed paper interactive. It has multiple manifestations, including digital pens, digital paper, and augmented reality interfaces, such as the Netpage mobile app. The app uses image recognition technology to recognise content on Netpage-enabled printed pages, and then serves up a „digital twin“ of the recognized page. The digital twin contains enhanced functionality such as the ability to share the page via social media sites (e.g. Facebook, Pinterest and Twitter), the ability to purchase products, watch embedded videos, follow hyperlinks, translate text, download and attach files, and other functionality.

Any iOS or Android smartphone acts as the mouse, and the printed surface acts as the screen. When in use, the Netpage universal print browser app looks like the smartphone is displaying a camera view of the printed page, but is actually displaying a digital web page (the digital twin) styled to mimic the printed page and rendered in real time. The digital twin can have as many web links and features as required, allowing the printed surface to have identical functionality to that possible on a web page displayed on a touch screen device.

The technology launched in Esquire magazine, which is published by Hearst, in the December 2012 edition as reported by the Wall Street Journal and Mashable.

The technology is developed and funded in Australia.

The following documents are freely available and are good demonstrations of the capabilities of Netpage. They require the use of the Netpage app, which can be downloaded from the Apple App Store.

Heinrich Brüning (Oberbürgermeister)

Heinrich Brüning (* 3. April 1836 in Hollern im Alten Land; † 10. September 1920 in Göttingen) war ein deutscher Verwaltungsjurist und preußischer Kommunalbeamter.

Heinrich Brüning studierte Rechtswissenschaft an der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität und der Georg-August-Universität. 1856 wurde er Mitglied der Corps Franconia München und Bremensia. Bremensia verlieh ihm später die Ehrenmitgliedschaft.

Er war von 1864 bis 1871 Bürgermeister von Buxtehude, seit 1871 Bürgermeister und seit 1879 Oberbürgermeister von Minden sowie von 1880 bis 1888 Oberbürgermeister von Osnabrück. Von 1868 bis 1870 gehörte er für den Wahlkreis Hannover 36 (Rotenburg) als Mitglied der Nationalliberalen Partei dem Preußischen Abgeordnetenhaus an. Für Minden und Osnabrück war er von 1871 bis 1888 Mitglied des preußischen Herrenhauses während seiner Zeit als Bürgermeister bzw. Oberbürgermeister.

In den Kösener Corpslisten ist er auch als Generaldirektor a. D. aufgeführt.

Fjell-lok

Fjell-lok eller fjellok (latin: Cystopteris montana) er art av bregner innenfor lokslekten i storburknefamilien (Woodsiaceae). Den er av en av fire arter av denne slekten som vokser i Norge, og ganske sjelden hos oss.

Fjell-lok er 5-30 cm høy, oppreist og med bred, trekantet bladplate. Bladet er mørkegrønt, og står gjerne litt ut «på snei», og enten litt oppover eller vannrett. Arten har krypende jordstengler og 2-4 ganger finnede, gaffelflikete blad. Gaffelflikingen innebærer at de minste flikene har innsvinget, smalt feste i midtnerven, og svinger ut i gaffelaktige småfliker.

Den største sekundærfliken på nederste primærflik, er omtrent like stort som tredje primærflik. Primærflikene er bøyd litt framover, særlig øverst mot spissen av bladplaten, men de nederste primærflikene kan også stå rett ut 90° på stilken.

Når bladene blir knust, lukter de blåsyre. Arten har slør (indusium), men de har få kjertler. Kromosomtallet (x) er 42.

Den trives i fuktig jord, granskog, steinurer, i moldjord, og på fuktig berg med mye kalkstein.

Fjell-lok vokser på nordlige halvkule, Taiwan, nordlige India, sørvestre Kina, og i Himalaya. I Norden vokser den først og fremst i Nord-Norge og i fjellet i Norge og Sverige, særlig i de nordlige delene av det skansinaviske fjellområdet. Den finnes dog også spredt i Ringsaker, nedre Eiker, Seljord og Suldal som det sørligste. Den går opp til 1 250 moh. i Vågå.

Болгарский союз туристов

Болгарский союз туристов (болг. Български туристически съюз) — добровольное, независимое, непартийное и неправительственное объединение, занимающееся организацией общественного отдыха, спортивно-туристической, культурной, краеведческой, природоохранной и экологической деятельностью. Основная цель Болгарского союза туристов — помогать в развитии гражданского общества и демократии в Республике Болгарии в области общественного туризма.

Болгарский союз туристов способствует созданию условий для:

Болгарский союз туристов трудится для сохранении окружающей среды Болгарии и её культурно-исторического наследия, популяризирует их во всех стран мира.

Болгарскому союзу туристов принадлежит 410 объектов, из которых:

Предыстория организованного туризма в Болгарии начинается с паломничества к Гробу Господню в Иерусалим и Рильского монастыря, торговым поездкам в Дубровник, Вену и Будапешт.

27 августа 1895 года, после восхождения на пик Черни-Врых горного массива Витоша, учреждается Клуб болгарских туристов. Это произошло по инициативе Алеко Константинова. Объявление об учреждении клуба было напечатано в газете «Знаме» (№ 99 от 23 августа 1895 года) и адресовалось всем любителям болгарской природы. На него отзываются свыше 300 человек всех слоёв и возрастов болгарского населения.

После убийства Константинова деятельность клуба затихает. Он возрождается 23 августа 1899 года как Первое болгарское содружество туристов. Создан устав, установлены цели, задачи и программа общества. Начинается активная организаторская и культурная деятельность. В начале XX века по всей Болгарии быстро возникают отделения общества. Учреждается Союз юных туристов.

Этот этап характеризуется учреждением новых отделений союза, утверждением основных типов туристической деятельности: озеленение и сохранение окружающей среды, маркировка троп для туризма, постройка дач для отдыха. Разрабатываются основы альпинизма и спелеологии. Создаются первые горно-спасательные отряды. Организуются хоры туристов.

В начале 1945 года Болгарский союз туристов и Союз юных туристов объединяются в Народный союз туристов. В этот период организуются первые «екскурзионные летования», появляется Центральная альпинистская школа «Малевица». В первый раз проходит национальный туристический поход «Ком-Емине» (1953 г.), который сегодня является частью туристического маршрута Е-8. Организуются первые состязания по спортивному ориентированию (1954 г.) и первый гребной поход по реке Дунай.

Республиканские секции туризма и альпинизма отделяются от Высшего комитета Физкультуры и спорта и снова объединяются в Болгарский союз туристов как продолжатели дела первооснователей, с туристическими союзами — наследниками ветвей Болгарского союза туристов среди объединений. Исследуются многие пещеры, ущелья и горы в Болгарии и в других странах. Создаются федерации туризма, альпинизма, спелеологии, защиты природы и ориентирования. Строится множество дач. Государственные структуры активно поддерживают движение туристов.

В 1984 году болгарская альпинистская экспедиция покоряет Эверест. Христо Проданов ставит мировой рекорд по подъёму на его юго-западный хребет, без кислородной маски.

Резко снижается и полностью прекращается государственное финансирование. Снижается количество членов организации, кадры стареют, дачи разрушаются и разграбляются. Молодые люди предпочитают городскую среду. В начале XXI века начинается новый подъём туристического движения. Поддерживаются 2 150 км маркированных туристических троп в болгарской части Европейских пешеходных маршрутов Е-3, Е-4 и Е-8. Создаются эко-тропы и информационные центры на подступах к горам и в больших городах. Возобновляется движение «100 национальных туристических объектов» и туристические взаимоотношения с соседними странами.

Poikilotherm

A poikilotherm (/ˈpɔɪkələˌθɜːrm, pɔɪˈkɪləˌθɜːrm/) is an organism whose internal temperature varies considerably. It is the opposite of a homeotherm, an organism which maintains thermal homeostasis. Usually the variation is a consequence of variation in the ambient environmental temperature. Many terrestrial ectotherms are poikilothermic. However some ectotherms remain in temperature-constant environments to the point that they are actually able to maintain a constant internal temperature (i.e. are homeothermic). It is this distinction that often makes the term „poikilotherm“ more useful than the vernacular „cold-blooded“, which is sometimes used to refer to ectotherms more generally.

Poikilothermic animals include types of vertebrate animals, specifically fish, amphibians, and reptiles, as well as a large number of invertebrate animals. The naked mole-rat is the only mammal that is currently thought to be poikilothermic.

The term derives from Greek poikilos (ποικίλος), meaning „varied,“ ultimately from „thousand-making“ and thermos (θερμός), meaning „heat“.

For an important chemical reaction, poikilotherms may have four to ten enzyme systems that operate at different temperatures. As a result, poikilotherms often have larger, more complex genomes than homeotherms in the same ecological niche. Frogs are a notable example of this effect, though their complex development is likely more important.

Because their metabolism is variable and generally below that of homeothermic animals, sustained high-energy activities like powered flight in large animals or maintaining a large brain is generally beyond poikilotherm animals. The metabolism of poikilotherms favors strategies such as sit-and-wait hunting over chasing prey for larger animals with high movement cost. As they do not use their metabolisms to heat or cool themselves, total energy requirement over time is low. For the same body weight, poikilotherms need only 5 to 10% of the energy of homeotherms.

It is comparatively easy for a poikilotherm to accumulate enough energy to reproduce. Poikilotherms at the same trophic level often have much shorter generations than homeotherms: weeks rather than years.[citation needed] Such applies even to animals with similar ecological roles such as cats and snakes.

This difference in energy requirement also means that a given food source can support a greater density of poikilothermic animals than homeothermic animals. This is reflected in the predator-prey ratio which is usually higher in poikilothermic fauna compared to homeothermic ones. However, when homeotherms and poikilotherms have similar niches, and compete, the homeotherm can often drive poikilothermic competitors to extinction, because homeotherms can gather food for a greater fraction of each day.

In medicine, loss of normal thermoregulation in humans is referred to as „poikilothermia“. This is usually seen with sedative and hypnotic drugs or in ‚compartment syndrome‘. For example, barbiturates, ethanol, and chloral hydrate may precipitate this effect.[citation needed] REM sleep is also considered a poikilothermic state in humans.

Paul Morton

Paul Morton (May 22, 1857 – February 19, 1911) was a U.S. businessman, and served as the 36th Secretary of the Navy under Theodore Roosevelt.

He served as the U.S. Secretary of the Navy between 1904 and 1905. Previous to this, he had been vice president of the Santa Fe Railroad. When it came to light that the Santa Fe had given illegal rebates under Morton, he was forced out of the cabinet to avoid scandal, though Roosevelt maintained that Morton himself was unaware of the improprieties. After leaving government service, Morton was President of Equitable Life Assurance Society.

Born in Detroit, Michigan, and growing up in Nebraska City, Nebraska, he was the younger brother of Joy Morton, founder of Morton Salt, and the son of Julius Sterling Morton, who had served as Secretary of Agriculture under President Grover Cleveland. Though his father was a „Bourbon“ (i.e. conservative) Democrat, Paul Morton was a Progressive Republican. This shift of party by father/son cabinet secretaries is paralleled by that of Henry Cantwell Wallace, who served as a Progressive Republican Secretary of Agriculture under Harding and Coolidge, and his son Henry A. Wallace who served in the same office as a Democrat under Franklin D. Roosevelt.

George Burroughs Torrey painted a portrait of him.

Swan’s Island, Maine

Swan’s Island is an island town in Hancock County, Maine, United States. It is named after Colonel James Swan of Fife, Scotland, who purchased the island and some surrounding areas and organized their colonization in the eighteenth century. The population was 332 at the 2010 census. The town is accessible by ferry from Bass Harbor.

The island has a summertime population of approximately 1,000. There is a general store on the island, which opened in spring 2007, and at least one inn. There are also a number of small cottage-industry shops. The main industry is lobster fishing, which employs 40 people full-time and many others in part-time work.

Swan’s Island is also home to the Sweet Chariot Music Festival, an annual summertime show of folk music and sea shanties.

Swan’s Island was first charted in 1606 by Samuel de Champlain’s expedition, and at the time was used by local Indians as a seasonal hunting ground.

James Swan purchased the island in 1786, but in 1791, David Smith, an American Revolutionary War veteran, became the first settler of European extraction on the island.

The population grew slowly to more than 1,000 by 1900. Fish processing was the dominant industry into the 1930s, when it became no longer profitable in the area. The state-run ferry, which began service in 1960, helped make Swan’s Island a popular summer tourism destination. The ferry also is used to carry the mail to the island.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 80.81 square miles (209.30 km2), of which 12.41 square miles (32.14 km2) is land and 68.40 square miles (177.16 km2) is water.

There are three villages in the town: Swan’s Island, Atlantic, and Minturn.

As of the census of 2010, there were 332 people, 146 households, and 99 families residing in the town. The population density was 26.8 inhabitants per square mile (10.3/km2). There were 483 housing units at an average density of 38.9 per square mile (15.0/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.1% White, 0.9% African American, 0.9% Native American, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.3% of the population.

There were 146 households of which 26.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.8% were married couples living together, 6.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 32.2% were non-families. 28.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.73.

The median age in the town was 46.3 years. 19.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.3% were from 25 to 44; 33.6% were from 45 to 64; and 17.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 52.1% male and 47.9% female.

As of the census of 2000, there were 327 people, 142 households, and 90 families residing in the town. The population density was 23.4 people per square mile (9.1/km²). There were 421 housing units at an average density of 30.2 per square mile (11.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.17% White, 0.31% African American, and 1.53% from two or more races.

There were 142 households, out of which 26.8% had children under the age of 18 living in them; 59.2% were married couples living together; 2.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.6% were non-families. 30.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the town the population was spread out, with 23.9% under the age of 18; 8.3% from 18 to 24; 24.5% from 25 to 44; 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 18.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 105.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 112.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $28,438, and the median income for a family was $32,083. Males had a median income of $29,028 versus $18,750 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,515. About 11.3% of families and 16.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.1% of those under age 18 and 21.7% of those age 65 or over.

A travel agency specializing in trails, describes attractions for the island that include six historic homes dating to the 1700s, a listing on the National Register of Historic Places, a lighthouse, nature features that include nesting bald eagles, waterfowl, as well as deer, and trails, hiking, and camping.

Jörg Vogel

Jörg Vogel, PhD, (born 1 April 1967 in Cottbus, Germany) is a German scientist in the field of RNA biology. He holds a position as full professor and chairs the Institute for Molecular Infection Biology (IMIB) at the University of Würzburg, Germany. Vogel studied biochemistry at the Humboldt University of Berlin and the Imperial College London. After his PhD work (1996 – 1999) he performed postdoctoral research at the Uppsala University, Sweden and was an EMBO fellow at the Hebrew University Jerusalem, Israel. From 2004 to 2009 he was a group leader at the Max Planck Institute for Infection Biology. Since 2009 he is a full professor at the IMIB and head of the institute as successor to Jörg Hacker.

Vogel’s current activities cover the fields of small regulatory RNAs in bacteria, RNA sequencing, RNA localization as well as microRNAs and long non-coding RNAs in infected eukaryotic hosts. Jörg Vogel has contributed to over 100 research publications including many articles in high impact journals like Nature, PNAS and EMBO Journal. Among other achievements he pioneered the application of RNA-Seq for the analysis of the bacterial transcription, CRISPR RNA maturation and host-pathogen interactions. Jörg Vogel received the VAAM Research award (2010) and the DGHM Senior Scientist Award (2011). In 2011 he was honored for his outstanding research and became an EMBO member. In 2013 Vogel was elected to the American Academy of Microbiology and the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina. Thomson Reuters included Jörg Vogel in the list of 2015 Highly Cited Researchers. Starting from January 2016 to January 2019 he is a Visiting Professor at the Imperial College London in the Division of Infectious Diseases.

Near Earth Asteroid Tracking

Near Earth Asteroid Tracking (NEAT) était un programme dirigé par la NASA et le Jet Propulsion Laboratory pour découvrir des objets géocroiseurs. Le système NEAT a commencé ses observations en décembre 1995 pour s’achever en avril 2007.

Le principal chercheur était Eleanor Helin, avec les cochercheurs Steven H. Pravdo et David Rabinowitz.

NEAT avait un accord de coopération avec l’US Air Force pour utiliser les télescopes GEODSS (Ground-based Electro-Optical Deep Space Surveillance) situés sur le volcan Haleakalā, dans l’île de Maui à Hawaï. Les télescopes à grand champ de l’US Air Force ont été conçus pour observer optiquement les engins spatiaux en orbite. L’équipe NEAT a conçu une caméra CCD et un système informatique pour le télescope GEODSS. Le format de la caméra CCD est de 4096 × 4096 pixels et le champ visuel est de 1,2° × 1,6°.

À partir d’avril 2001, le télescope de Schmidt de 1,2 m d’ouverture de l’observatoire du Mont Palomar a aussi été utilisé pour découvrir et suivre les objets géocroiseurs. Ce télescope est équipé d’une caméra constituée de 112 capteurs CCD de 600 × 2400 pixels. C’est le télescope qui a produit les images ayant permis la découverte de (50000) Quaoar en 2002 et de (90377) Sedna en 2003 (publié en 2004) et de la fameuse Xe planète (136199) Éris.

Il est au 4e rang des découvreurs d’astéroïdes, avec 40 607 astéroïdes numérotés (). En plus de découvrir des milliers d’astéroïdes, NEAT a aussi codécouvert (redécouvert) la comète périodique 54P/de Vico-Swift-NEAT et l’étoile de Teegarden ayant un mouvement propre élevé.

Un astéroïde a été nommé en son honneur, (64070) NEAT, début 2005.

Qin Hui

Qin Hui or Qin Kuai (January 17, 1090–November 18, 1155) was a Chancellor of the Song dynasty in Chinese history. He is widely regarded as a traitor for his part in the persecution and execution of Yue Fei, a general who fought for the Song against the Jin dynasty during the Jin–Song Wars. Modern historians however, have placed as much blame (if not more) on the reigning Emperor Gaozong himself.

Born in Jiangning (present day Nanjing, Jiangsu), Qin won Jinshi in the Imperial examination of 1115. During the Northern Song dynasty, Qin was an activist against the invasion by the Jin dynasty in the Jin–Song Wars. He was captured along with Emperor Qinzong and Emperor Huizong in the Jingkang Incident.

Some years later, he suddenly returned from captivity in the Jin empire to the capital of Emperor Gaozong. He claimed some sort of miraculous escape but quite some people expressed doubt regarding his story. However, he quickly won the emperor’s favor and became the Chancellor of the Southern Song empire in 1131. In the next year, he was removed from the position after impeachment. After some Song victories in 1137, the Jin empire was forced to reopen peace talks, and Qin gained power as a pacifist.

With Qin’s help, the emperor suppressed the war hawks and signed the Treaty of Shaoxing with the Jin empire. The emperor basically accepted the status of being a vassal of the Jin empire publicly. To open the peace talks, the national hero general Yue Fei, who was famous for his military successes against the Jurchen people, was first removed from his position, then imprisoned, and then killed in prison. The killing of Yue Fei is one of the most famous evil acts by government minister in the whole history of the Song dynasty. Qin became notorious, and (after he lost power and died) some people suspected that he was a traitor.

Qin removed all his political opponents from the government by use of his control over the Imperial Censorate. Most of his enemies were exiled far to the south, several in fact died on Hainan Island. He believed that the schools should only teach „acceptable ideas“ and practiced a strong form of censorship and thought control over the Imperial university.

After Emperor Gaozong’s resignation, the new Emperor Xiaozong of Song pardoned most of Qin’s political enemies, including a posthumous pardon for Yue Fei. From that point on, Qin was constantly vilified by Chinese historians. He became one of the most important examples in Chinese history of an evil minister.

The Story of Yue Fei states that after having Yue Fei, Yue Yun, and Zhang Xian arrested under false charges, Qin and his wife, Lady Wang (Chinese: 王氏), were sitting by the „eastern window“, warming themselves by the fire, when he received a letter from the people calling for the release of the general. Qin was worried because after nearly two months of torture, he could not get Yue Fei to admit the false charges of treason and would eventually have to let him go. However, after a servant girl brought fresh oranges into the room, Lady Wang devised a plan to execute the general. She told Qin to slip an execution notice inside the skin of an orange and send it to the examining judge. This way, the general and his companions would be put to death before the Emperor or Qin himself would have to rescind an open order of execution. This conspiracy became known as the “East-Window Plot”. An anonymous novel was written about this called the Dong Chuang Ji („Tale of the Eastern Window“) during the Ming dynasty.

When asked by General Han Shizhong what crime Yue had committed, Qin Hui replied, „Though it isn’t sure whether there is something that he did to betray the dynasty, maybe there is.” The phrase „unneeded“ (simplified Chinese: 莫须有; traditional Chinese: 莫須有; pinyin: mò xū yǒu) has entered the Chinese language as an expression to refer to fabricated charges.

For their part in Yue Fei’s death, iron statues of Qin Hui, Lady Wang, and two of Qin Hui’s subordinates, Moqi Xie and Zhang Jun, were made to kneel before Yue Fei’s tomb (located by Hangzhou’s West Lake). For centuries, these statues have been cursed, spat and urinated upon by young and old. But now, in modern times, these statues are protected as historical relics. There is a poem hanging on the gate surrounding the statues, it reads:

The green hill is fortunate to be the burial ground of a loyal general, the white iron was innocent to be cast into the statues of traitors.

The story of Qin and his wife are also said to be the origin of Youtiao.

Xiyoubu (西遊補 – „Supplement to the Journey to the West“, 1640) – A Ming dynasty addendum to the famous Chinese novel Journey to the West, which takes place between the end of chapter 61 and the beginning of 62. In the novel, The Monkey King faces a representation of his own carnal desires and is trapped inside of a tower full of mirrors, each with its own powers. One mirror causes him to travel forward in time, from the Tang to the Song dynasty. There, some junior devils appear and tell him that the ruler of the underworld King Yama has recently died of an illness, and so Monkey must take his place until a suitable replacement can be found. Monkey ends up judging the fate of the recently deceased Prime Minister Qin Hui. He tortures Qin into confessing his sins. These tortures include having millions of embroidery needles shoved into his flesh, being ground into paste, thrown onto a mountain of swords and spears, hacked into bits, forced to drink human puss, and his rib cage ripped apart to give him the appearance of a dragon fly. A demon is charged with using his magic breath to „blow“ Qin back into his proper form. Monkey finally sends a demon to heaven to retrieve a powerful magic gourd that sucks anyone, who speaks before it, inside, and melts them down into a bloody stew. He uses this gourd for Qin’s final punishment. Meanwhile, Monkey invites the ghost of Yue Fei to the underworld and takes him as his third master. (He claims this completes his lessons on the three religions since: 1) the immortal Subhodi taught him Taoist magic 2) the Tang Monk taught him Buddhist restraint and 3) Yue Fei taught him Confucian ideals.) He entertains Yue Fei until Qin has been reduced to liquid and offers the general a cup of Qin’s „blood wine.“ Yue, however, refuses on the grounds that drinking it would sully his soul. Monkey then does an experiment where he makes a junior devil drink the wine. Sometime later, the devil, apparently under the evil influence of the blood wine, murders his personal religious teacher and escapes into the „gate of ghosts,“ presumably being reborn into another existence. Yue Fei then takes his leave to return to his heavenly abode. Monkey sends him off with a huge display of respect by making all of the millions of denizens of the underworld kowtow before him.

The following is a folktale about one of Qin’s descendants:

During the Ming dynasty, the new Provincial Governor-General of Hangzhou, who was a direct descendant of Qin and Madam Wang, had both iron statues thrown into the West Lake under cover of night. The next day, the lake turned pitch-black and smelt of vomit. The townsfolk realized that the lake’s condition coincided with the statues‘ disappearance. When Official Qin arrived on the scene, the people questioned him about his relationship with Qin. Because he knew the statues had sunk to the bottom of the lake, he boasted, „If anyone can really scoop the statues out of the lake, this official is waiting to resign and ask for punishment.“ At that exact moment, the murky water became clear, and the statues drifted ashore as if propelled by an invisible force. The cowardly official bolted for his sedan when he saw this miraculous sight. The townsfolk pelted his sedan with rocks as he fled, many of them ripping through the curtain, giving him huge lumps on his head. That night, Official Qin escaped Hangzhou, never to be heard from again.

During the Southern Song dynasty there were two famous Buddhists named the „Crazy monk“ Ji Gong and the „Mad Monk“ Fengbo. Fengbo lived during the time of Yue Fei and became famous for „Sweeping Qin Hui’s face with a broom“. The story is told after having Yue Fei imprisoned on false charges, Qin went to the Lingyin Temple to have his fortune read. There he was confronted by a laughing Feng Bo who asked, „Cao Cao was once a big hero, but where is he today?“ The Prime Minister asked him what he meant in confusion. Fengbo said,

Qin countered, „Who is that pillar of the country?“ „General Yue Fei!“ screamed Fengbo. When Qin seemed unaffected by his words, Fengbo laughed and said, „What a fool! Repent now before it is too late.“ He then grabbed a broom and raked it across the Prime Minister’s face and quickly ran off. Feeling embarrassed, Qin returned to the palace a defeated man.

The boldness of the monk caught the attention of the common folk. It is said he would appear in crowded areas and begin to sweep the floor, even in the cleanest of places, and proclaim „sweeping Qin“ as a reminder to the people that they should band together to eliminate the traitor Qin from office. The „Mad Monk“ was later raised to the level of Arahat.

The statues of the „Mad and Crazy Monks“ were often seen together in various temples throughout the Southern Song dynasty. There are two such statues of these arahats in the Da Xiong Temple Hall of Zhan Tan Forest on the Jiu Hua Mountain. One of them is the „Crazy Monk“ Ji Gong in the form of a deity and the other is the „Mad Monk“ Fengbo holding a duster in one hand and a broom under his left armpit, standing ever ready to give the wicked Prime Minister another sweep.

This is a derivative of an episode from The Story of Yue Fei, which mentions no „sweeping“ at all. The fortuneteller’s name was „Xie Renfu of Chengdu“ and he told the fortunes of both Emperor Gaozong and Qin Hui, who were in disguise, in the Dragon’s Intonation Monastery. When Qin returned to the palace, he sent men to arrest the fortuneteller, but he had already fled the city, out of fear once he discovered who they really were.

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